Again in 2010, an Air India Specific plane overshot the runway at Mangalore airport, fell into a gorge, caught hearth and 158 persons misplaced their life. And the crash of the airline’s plane in Kozhikode on Friday is a stark reminder of that incident ten yrs ago.
In each instances, Air India Specific pilots had overshot tabletop runways. Also, the flights had been coming from Dubai.
In its report on the Mangalore incident that occurred on May possibly 22, 2010, the Court docket of Inquiry had mentioned the immediate cause was the captain’s failure to discontinue the unstabilised approach of the plane.
“Despite the constraints of terrain bordering the tabletop runway, the rescue and hearth fighthing functions had been carried out with thanks diligence,” the report dated Oct 31, 2010 mentioned.
As for each the report, Air India Express’s Boeing 737-800 plane overran the runway, including the strip and the RESA (Runway Close Safety Place).
“It then impacted the concrete mounting framework of ILS (Instrument Landing Program) Localiser Antenna and fell into a gorge. In the resultant affect and publish crash hearth, 152 travellers and all six crew customers misplaced their life. There had been eight survivors,” the report mentioned.
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On Friday, the airline’s plane overshot the runway at Kozhikode airport, fell into a slope prior to breaking into two pieces. Although there was no hearth, at least 18 persons, including two pilots, are useless in the crash, which also occurred when there had been rains.
Tabletop runways are created in a hilly or an elevated terrain.
The 2010 report had mentioned that there had been three tabletop airports in the country from where by scheduled flights function at Mangalore, Kozhikode and Lengpui.
“For the reason that of the undulating terrain and constraints of area, these airfields need further skill and warning though carrying out flight functions.
“The hazard of undershooting and overshooting, in specific, can lead to grave conditions, as was the circumstance in this incident,” the report mentioned.
Further, the report also mentioned that tabletop runways have a difficulty of access roadways close to the airfield, which may perhaps need to be used in circumstance of plane mishaps.
Citing the International Civil Aviation Corporation (ICAO) information, the report had also mentioned that most of the mishaps occur for the duration of landing and acquire-off phases, with a massive quantity of runway excursions and plane overrunning into the overshoot place.
“Contemplating the massive momentum of these plane, a downward slope in the overrun place can worsen the end result. It is therefore suggested that these kinds of downward slopes as getting in Mangalore be brought to the exact same level of the runway surface area.
“This also desires to be ensured at all tabletop airports in the country,” the report mentioned.
The Court docket of Inquiry had mentioned the cause of the incident was the captain’s failure to discontinue the “unstabilised approach” and his persistence in continuing with the landing, even with three calls from the very first officer to “go close to” and a quantity of warnings from Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning Program (EGPWS).
This was described as the immediate cause of the incident.
At the time of Mangalore crash, there was no Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB), which was established up only in 2012.
The AAIB is probing the Kozhikode incident.